Wednesday, January 15, 2020

The street doesn’t adopt pets

The street doesn't adopt pets, that is what I tell myself when I see some animals wandering around the streets, in the case of our city the most of these poor animals are dogs that for some reason ended In that way. I am against of this situation, not only because it brings a bad aspect for the city, but also those dogs deserve a better life like any other animal, maybe they can ‘t get an owner, but shelter and food are essential things that they should have, so a program to help them to satisfy those eeds would be awesome and Is something that I hope become real as soon as possible.First, though It Is true that many mongrels were born In the streets and get angry or act In an aggressive way with humans, this Is not a reason to leave them alone, living a dangerous life, because the cycle Is going to repeat over and over, and that Is not a choice, so one solution Is to take them to temporary homes while they are puppies. second, some people believes that the best way to end with this problem would be creating campaigns to kill these poor animals.Although there may e lower dogs wandering around than before, this is not even an option to take in consideration, because killing animals is a crime according to the law, and also killing an animal that could be considered like a pet is an indignant act. Finally, in spite of the fact that the cost of keeping dogs in shelters with food and water is just too costly, the price paid for leave this situation in the same way in the long term is even higher. An example of this would be the increase of attacks of mad dogs due to the great population of mongrels starving in the streets.To conclude, I'd like to talk about a group called ADA (Association in Defence of Animals) who look after the care and treatment of these helpless animals, so then taking them to temporary homes until they can be adopted. I admire the great devotion that this group of people put in each case, as an example, I could talk about the day when I knew about their work. It was the last month when I was with my dog in its veterinarian, these guys entered with a dog in a very bad state and ask to the doctor to give him an immediate treatment.

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

The Cold War And The Soviet Union - 1697 Words

The Cold War, in fact didn’t take place in the winter season, but was just as dangerously cold and unwelcoming, as it focused on two contrasting powers: the U.S. and the Soviet Union. After World War 2, the Cold War influenced capitalist U.S. and communist Soviet Union to engage in disagreements causing many disputes having to use military, economic and humanitarian aid. With different goals, the contrasting powers prove through the Marshall Plan, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and SALT that communism really can’t coexist with capitalism. In World War 2, two groups of powers--the Axis and Allies--relentlessly fought against each other for dominance, resulting in many countries left in ruins with limited supplies and support, until George Catlett Marshall, an American soldier and U.S. Army chief, proposed a plan to rebuild Europe’s economy. He stated that, â€Å"‘Our policy is not directed against any country, but against hunger, poverty, and chaos’†(Zarr 38). Constant fighting lead Europe in terrible ruins with an estimate of 60 million people dead, and especially, German cities in â€Å"An estimated 500 million cubic tons of rubble littered†(Zarr 37), creating no opportunity for Germany to rebuild itself or provide any safety and support for its citizens. This period of suffering was called the Age of Austerity because of the â€Å"drab clothes, long faces, and endless queues†(Zarr 38). Luckily, before the Marshall Plan was in action, President Truman sent Herbert Hoover, a former U.S.Show MoreRelatedThe Cold War And The Soviet Union973 Words   |  4 PagesThe Cold War was a state of economic, diplomatic, and ideological discord among nations without armed conflict. The Cold War was between the United States and the USSR because these were the two major powers after WWII. Basically, the Cold War was a series of proxy wars that had taken place back in time involving surrounding countries. One of the main caus es for Cold War was that the Soviet Union was spreading communism and the United States didn’t like that so they were trying to contain communismRead MoreThe Cold War And The Soviet Union1233 Words   |  5 PagesThe Cold War is unique among war’s to be not a war between states, but a war between ideologies. The United States and other allies defend social democracy capitalism, as the pinnacle of freedom and equality; and the Soviet Union though communism was the pinnacle of equality. These ideologies manifested themselves through the superpowers, which caused the conflict between them. Both the United States, and the Soviet Union are to blame for the outbreak of the Cold War. The United State’s missionRead MoreThe Cold War And Soviet Union840 Words   |  4 PagesThere are many theories and opinions of how the cold war started. Some believe that the cold war was the result of the belligerence of Joseph Stalin and the insecurity it caused in the United States and the West. Others believe the primary responsibility for the cold war derives from the hardline policies of the United States. (Viewpoints Article: the Soviet Union Start the Cold War) I believe The Cold War was triggered by the theory of two superpower countries in a race for dominance in the worldRead MoreCold War And The Soviet Union859 Words   |  4 PagesAMS2270 Cold War This essay will discuss about cold war, including the background, beginning, progress and ending. As we know, cold war is a struggle between U.S. with NATO and Soviet Union with WTO from 1947 to 1991. It is a significant event in history, and it influence the almost all of world, it directly lead to the radical change of eastern Europe and the breakup of the USSR. In 1946 February, George.F.Kennan wrote a â€Å"Long Telegram†, it clearly said the strategy of containing Soviets and itRead MoreThe Cold War On The Soviet Union1230 Words   |  5 PagesThe Cold War’s effect on the Soviet Union Shortly after the World War 2 ended, the United States and its North Atlantic Treaty Organization allies entered the cold war with the Soviet Union. Germany was divided in half and later, the Berlin Wall was constructed as a physical boundary between the Soviet controlled East Germany and NATO controlled West Germany. This standoff continued until the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. The cold war had a huge influence on the world stage, but also had a majorRead MoreThe Cold War And The Soviet Union1391 Words   |  6 Pageswake of World War II as the decades-long force of Germany’s reign came to its conclusion, an extensive repositioning of authority among the world’s top powers began. The war wielded devastating consequences for most countries involved and effectively diminished the dominance Britain and France once employed across the globe. Out of this devastation rose the two new dominating forces of the world who were triumphant in the aftermath of the war: the U nited States and the Soviet Union. The United StatesRead MoreThe Cold War And The Soviet Union Essay965 Words   |  4 PagesThe Cold War was a period in world history marked with increased tensions primarily between the United States and the Soviet Union. Both countries desired to expand their ideologies across the globe, the U.S. urging capitalism and democratic elections and the Soviets promoting communism. After the allies had obtained victory in World War II, the Yalta Conference was held. Joseph Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union, wanted to expand his sphere of influence into Eastern Europe and demanded thatRead MoreThe Cold War And The Soviet Union1343 Words   |  6 PagesAbstract: As one of the most important events in 20th century, the Cold War had a very deep influence for the human-being civilization and it changed the world structure . The United States and the Soviet Union ,the two poles, became enemies from friends after the World War II. They adopt hostile attitude towards each other and criticized the the opponents’ social systems. To find out who provoked the Cold War, the US, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdoms ,Roosevelt, Truman ,Stalin, and ChurchillRead MoreThe Soviet Union Of The Cold War1745 Words   |  7 Pages During the era of the Cold War, starting in 1947 and definitively ending in 1991, the United States and the Soviet Union faced off in conflicts with each other through smaller states. The United States and Soviet Union faced off to see who could spread their ideology the most in Europe. The Soviet Union used force and supported coups to spread communism while the United States installed democratic governments as a way to counter communism in Eastern Europe. These small conflicts that the two superpowersRead MoreThe Soviet Union And The Cold War1038 Words   |  5 PagesAfter a series of events during the time of World War II, tensions between the United States and the Communists such as the Soviet Union and China, developed into a military and political conflict such as the Cold War. During the Cold War, which went on for 50 years, the Soviet Union and the United States competed to expand their economical and political influence. Although, the United States military has increased in size and it’s strategy. The United States power today is highly supreme when it

Monday, December 30, 2019

A Great Writer By Herman Melville - 904 Words

It is not everyday that a man is able to write himself into history, only the greatest and most daring writers are able to break the threshold of humanity and ascend into the history books. Growing up with two of the most influential grandfathers who were both Revolutionary heroes, Herman Melville grew into a great writer. Bankruptcy and the loss of his father at age 12 had such a big impact on Herman that he was taken out of school and forced to work. He self-taught himself and briefly went back to school to study Engineering (Reiff 9-11). During his early 20s, Melville was unable to get a job in engineering. He faced economic hardships which influenced him to go on voyages as an escape from his problems. Sailing consisted of relaxing and romanticizing with beautiful islanders despite the horrors of military punishments he experienced (Reiff 13). From 1844 to 1857, Melville spent his years as a full time writer to gain prestige and money while supporting his family (American Experi ence). Melville became known for one of his novels, Moby Dick, which was dedicated to Nathaniel Hawthorne. Moby Dick is known as one of the Greatest American Novels because the story had an exciting plot, philosophical statements, many comparisons, and symbols making the novel very complex. The complexity of the literary writing symbolized romance, particularly the romance of the sea. The novel was based on the life of a sailor who experienced a tragic voyage and a white whale named Moby Dick.Show MoreRelatedBiblical And Mythological Allusions Of Moby Dick851 Words   |  4 Pages Moby-Dick is Herman Melville’s masterpiece, a purposeful novel that acts both as a documentary of a sea voyage but also a philosophical allusion on life as a whole. Moby-Dick is far beyond its time in reference to its use of allusion within its text. In this novel, Herman Melville frequently uses biblical and mythological allusions. With these strategic allusions, the reader is able to begin to und erstand the topics of discussion within the book and is also exposed to the wisdom and potential knowledgeRead MoreEssay on Moby Dick: Symbols To Draw Attention1213 Words   |  5 Pages Often in great works of literature, symbols are incorporated to add depth. These symbols make it more interesting to the reader by making connections from one idea to another. Herman Melville depicts a great number of characters and symbols in his 19th century novel Moby Dick. Melville uses symbols to develop plot, characters, and to give the reader a deeper interpretation of the novel. (Tucker) The author successfully uses the symbols of brotherhood, monomania, isolation, religion, and dualityRead MoreSelfish Theme Analysis in Bartleby by Herman Melville Essay537 Words   |  3 PagesThe narrator of Bartleby is not a selfish man. Instead, he was the type of man who tried to do everything for someone who was in need. He tried his best to be there for one of his workers when he knew he was not wel l. Bartleby was a man who was a great worker. He was a man who knew what he was doing and what needed to be done from him. He was extremely caught up with his work, as he had nothing else to do and no one to be with. The story changed when Bartlebys attitude about everything changed.Read MoreSatire In Herman Melvilles Moby Dick1239 Words   |  5 PagesSatire in Herman Melville’s Moby Dick Herman Melville’s Moby Dick is a parting from the traditional conception of the Anglo-European novel in underlying the idea of the self as opposed to society, or, the human being in contrast to the universe. Many of Melville’s themes are typical of American Romanticism: the â€Å"isolated self† and the difficulty of self-revelation, the imperfections of human knowledge, the contrast between immorality and virtue, and the pursuit of the truth. Although Melville intendedRead MoreHerman Melville and Nathaniel Hawthorne Show the Unbridgeable Gap Between Human Desires and Human Possibilities and the Mixture of Good and Evil in Even the Loftiest of Human Motives987 Words   |  4 PagesEric Santangelo Hawthorne and Melville In both works, â€Å"Bartleby the Scrivener† and The Scarlet Letter, Herman Melville and Nathaniel Hawthorne show the unbridgeable gap between human desires and human possibilities and the mixture of good and evil in even the loftiest of human motives. In â€Å"Bartleby the Scrivener† by Herman Melville, this idea is shown by how the Lawyer keeps Bartleby as one of his employers, even though Bartleby does not deserve to still be working. In the Scarlet Letter byRead MoreEssay about Herman Melville: A Biography And Analysis2570 Words   |  11 Pages Herman Melville: A Biography And Analysis nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Throughout American history, very few authors have earned the right to be called â€Å"great.† Herman Melville is one of these few. His novels and poems have been enjoyed world wide for over a century, and he has earned his reputation as one of the finest American writers of all time. A man of towering talent, with intellectual and artistic brilliance, and a mind of deep insight into human motives and behavior, it is certainlyRead MoreRomanticism and Realism: Examples of Mark Twain and Herman Melville Novels1398 Words   |  6 Pagesvery different styles of writings. They both came about in the 19th century. Writing through romanticism is a way to express your emotions in a deeper way, but writing through realism is a way to express your true feelings about how the world is. In Herman Melville’s Moby Dick he uses romanticism to express his point. In The War Prayer by Mark Twain, the speaker talks about the real aspects of war. Romanticism first came about in the 18th century and it was mostly used for art and literature. The actualRead MoreAmerican Transcendentalist Writers Essay1160 Words   |  5 Pagesof other European styles. Perhaps not being incredibly popular outside their own circle of influence, writers such as Ralph Waldo Emerson and other Transcendentalists began, in the 19th Century, to weave a new form of writing using philosophy as the `vehicle of thought . While this allowed them to explore new and untouched areas in the mind, it also greatly influenced many later writers from Henry Thoreau to the more `popular and recent Mark Twain. Let us begin with Henry Thoreaus WaldenRead More Evil in the Works of Melville and Emerson Essay1736 Words   |  7 PagesEvil in the Works of Melville and Emerson Herman Melville, like all other American writers of the mid and late nineteenth century, was forced to reckon with the thoughts and writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Emerson celebrated the untapped sources of beauty, strength, and nobility hidden within each individual. Where Emerson was inclined to see each human soul as a beacon of light, however, Melville saw fit to describe and define the darkness, the bitter and harsh world of reality thatRead MoreAnalysis Of Moby Dick By Herman Melville1276 Words   |  6 Pages†- Herman Melville. Moby-Dick is a novel that was written by Herman Melville, during the American Renaissance. Melville was an American novelist, short story writer, and a poet. Melville was influenced in his writing career by many people such as, William Shakespeare (Macbeth, Romeo and Juliet), Nathaniel Hawthorne (The Scarlett Letter, The House of Seven Gables), and Edgar Allen Poe (The Raven, The Fall of the House of Usher). He was also a whaler for appr oximately 3-4 years. While Melville was

Saturday, December 21, 2019

Deterrence Is The Primary Source When Defining Criminal Law

Deterrence is the primary source when defining criminal law. According to dictionary.com deterrence â€Å"is a law that was passed that includes the breakdown of punishments and uses then as fear tactics; to disappoint individual criminal defendants from becoming reappearance offenders and to discourage others in society from engaging in similar criminal activity.’ (Dictionary 1). Deterrence work in two ways; large population and the punishment of wrongdoers. Deterrence is aimed at the individual; once the law has been violated, and the significance realized, that individual should have a new and enhanced understanding of the individual cost of illegal behavior. One of the biggest consequences for the individual in the justice system in†¦show more content†¦Specifically, when thoughtful of deterrence it is unescapable to not think about capital punishment. Capital punishment is also identified as the death penalty; one of the most contentious issues in society and i t is most frequently used in convictions for murder. However, it also have been used for such crimes as armed robbery, kidnapping, rape, and treason. With severe amendment rights and firm judicial procedures, the death penalty is not an easy process to say the least and opens many doors for debates and arguments. When someone commit a crime they should be punished for their wrongful doings; especially murder The death penalty is a good source of punishment because if a person commits a murder they deserves to be punished. However, the death penalty is cruel, inhuman and degrading. The death penalty disregards the eight amendment; which states that â€Å"Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted† (U.S Constitution). The death penalty is unconstitutional because it violation of the eight Amendment. The death penalty serves as a double negative. Why kill someone for committing a murder? The death penalty does not solve the crime, fix the problems that were caused by the crime, or teach anyone a lesson. Not only does the death penalty violate the eight amendment it also violates basic human rights.Show MoreRelatedThe Issue Of International Law1695 Words   |  7 PagesInternational Law reflects an effort by states to co-operate and achieve global aims such as safety from crime (including terrorism), whilst respecting individual state sovereignty and maintaining maximum participation of states. How effective is International Law in achieving this aim? What are the pitfalls and how might these be removed or the effects ameliorated? The term terrorism originated during the French revolution (1789-1799), referring to attempts by the new regime to consolidate itsRead MoreBasic Functions of Law: Australia2224 Words   |  9 Pageswill cover these topics: (Australian Law System) The Functions of law, Social Cohesion,Social,Progress,Sources of law,Parliament made law,Judge-made law Which type of law is sovereign?,Classification of Law,Regulation of human behaviour,Criminal law,Classifications of Crime,Objectives of sanctions,Civil Law,Types of civil wrongs,Civil remedies,Types of civil remedies,Crimes The Functions of law The two functions are: 1 Social Cohesion 2 Social Progress Laws are needed to achieve these dual functionsRead MoreCivil Law3967 Words   |  16 PagesCivil law (common law) Civil law  is the branch of  law  dealing with disputes between  individuals  or  organizations, in which  compensation  may be awarded to the victim. For instance, if a car crash victim claims damages against the driver for loss or injury sustained in an accident, this will be a civil law case.[1]  Civil law differs from  criminal law, whose emphasis is more on punishment than in dispute resolution. The law relating to  civil wrongs  and  quasi-contract  is part of the civil law.[2] -------------------------------------------------Read MoreDomestic Violence And Sexual Violence3281 Words   |  14 Pagesdamage the body, but also techniques of inflicting harm by mental or emotional means† (p. 24). However, in the context of intimate relationships, the definition of violence requires more aspects to be determined. The basic questions to be asked when defining domestic violence proposed by Hegarty, Sheehan, and Schonfeld (1999) in their article A Multidimensional Definition of Partner Abuse are 1) which relationships should be included as domestic? And 2) how should violence in domestic life be definedRead MoreProblems of Society (Law, Crime, Punishment)7483 Words   |  30 PagesProblems of Society (Law, Crime, Punishment) Definition of Legal system Legal systems can be split between civil law and common law systems. The term civil law referring to a legal system should not be confused with civil law as a group of legal subjects distinct from criminal or public law. A third type of legal system—accepted by some countries without separation of church and state—is religious law, based on scriptures. The specific system that a country is ruled by is often determined byRead MoreNational Security Outline Essay40741 Words   |  163 PagesNational Security Law and the Role of Tipson 1 CHAPTER 2: Theoretical approaches to national security world order 4 CHAPTER 3: Development of the International Law of Conflict Management 5 CHAPTER 4: The Use of Force in International Relations: Norms Concerning the Initiation of Coercion (JNM) 7 CHAPTER 5: Institutional Modes of Conflict Management 17 The United Nations System 17 Proposals for Strengthening Management Institutional Modes of Conduct 23 CHAPTER 6: The Laws of War and NeutralityRead MoreProvincial Jail10855 Words   |  44 PagesFacilities 31 5 ARCHITECTURE APPLICATION 32 5.1 Project profile and analysis 32 5.1.1 Description of the project 32 5.1.2 Project Rationale 33 5.1.3 Project Practicability 33 5.2 Site profile and analysis 34 5.2.1 Description of site 34 5.2.2 Laws and ordinances pertaining to the site 36 5.2.3 Bureau of Jail Management and Penology: Manual on Habitat: Space and Quarters, Water and Sanitation and Hygiene 37 5.3 Site analysis 38 6 DEFINATION OF TERMS 41 7 BIBLIOGRAPHY 42 8 APPENDIX 44 8.1 DetailsRead MoreSSD2 Module 2 Notes Essay23331 Words   |  94 Pagesblue the cavalry. The Year - 1821 When regulations in 1821 directed the wearing of uniforms with cloth wings (wool worsted wings trimmed in the branch color on, which generally fell over the shoulders), the Army had to find another way to distinguish rank besides epaulettes. It adopted a stripe, or chevron, for officers and NCOs to wear on the arm of the uniform, with the points up. Colors identified the two branches: yellow for artillery and white for infantry. When the Army discontinued the use ofRead MoreEssay about Profession of Arms11066 Words   |  45 Pagesmilitary task, and what separates [the military profession] from all other occupations, is that soldiers are routinely prepared to kill†¦in addition to killing and preparing to kill, the soldier has two other principal duties†¦some soldiers die and, when they are not dying, they must be preparing to die. James H. Toner, True Faith and Allegiance: The Burden of Military Ethics Section 1 – The Army’s Dual Organizational Character The start point for our dialogue must be the purpose of theRead MoreNsa Capstone Project Essay16270 Words   |  66 PagesINTERFACES Name Michael Elmore Tiffanie Parker Lena Morgenstern Mindy Sabang Keith Roberts Role Project Specialist Server Specialist Quality Specialist Risk Specialist Hardware Specialist Quality Responsibility Project Manager Server Specialist Laws and Planning Mitigation and Planning Hardware and Software At the highest of levels Quality Management involves planning, doing, checking, and acting to improve project quality standards. Authority Link Network breaks the practice of Quality Management

Friday, December 13, 2019

Antitheatricalism †Ben Jonson Free Essays

Antitheatricalism in Light of Ben Jonson’s  Volpone Commentary by Joel Culpepper Crossdressing in England was mostly opposed by the Fundamentalist branch of the Protestant Church known as the Puritans. The Puritan dogma, much like the concept of transvestism, was constantly challenged. Puritans found resistance in the religious authorities of the Church of England and the English government. We will write a custom essay sample on Antitheatricalism – Ben Jonson or any similar topic only for you Order Now Before 1536, the Roman Catholic Church was unimpeded and always won over Puritan proposals regarding legislation. Without a cooperative political ear, the Puritans resorted to experimental spiritual expression by changing their social behavior and structuring. Due to these changes, a formidable way of attacking the theater’s use of crossdressing was developed- public preaching and pamphlets. Other individuals and groups (like the Juvenalians) supported the moral and social reform movement by speaking and writing essays and books on the subject. Due to the nature the actor’s role in Ben Jonson’s  Volpone, the play was also implicated in this moral battle. The ideology behind the Puritan protest was based on biblical sentiment and the patristic literary tradition of Roman writers like Tertullian and St. Augustine. The Puritan’s religious banner for combatting gender transgression was Deuteronomy 22:5- ‘The woman shall not wear that which pertains to a man, neither shall a man put on a woman’s garment’ (Tiffany 58). In general, pagan myths were also associated with crossdressing. Puritans like William Pryne labeled these actors as â€Å"beastly male monsters† that â€Å"degenerate into women† (Tiffany 59). Further, the Puritans feared that men dressing as women caused the men in the audience to lust for real females and to form homoerotic desires for the male actors (the reverse was also true for women). The Puritan fear also opposed androgynous Renaissance clothing and women’s â€Å"male† hairstyles, as documented in Phillip Stubbes’ 1583  Anatomy of Abuses. Jonson was more than aware of these Puritan sentiments. In  Volpone, Volpone hopes Celia will submit sexually and â€Å"have [her] in more modern forms†¦ such as a â€Å"Brave Tuscan lady, or proud Spanish beauty† (Campbell 3. 7. 226, 228). Volpone seems to be conveyor of Jonson’s acknowledgment of the actor’s transformative ability – a part of the playwright’s (and the actor’s) self concern of the real drama within a play, or metadrama. In Volpone’s subsequent proposal to Celia, crossdressing is coupled with androgyny. Male and female spirits are join ed in harmony because their lips â€Å"transfuse [their] wandering souls† (Campbell 3. 7. 234). One’s point of view might relate this as a matter of homosexual or heterosexual sex. The passage could also (ironically) refer to the Puritan sponsored sacrament of marriage- a holy sacrament. It must also be mentioned thatVolpone’s ending also provides an element of punishment for sins- lust, avarice and deception being among them. Jonson’s blatant use of classical satire as farce links the feminine male with naivety or aggressiveness that demeans love and advocates the scholarly, independent male identity. The female image in his plays is often masculine- true to the actor’s real physicality and the surrounding male chauvinist population. Interestingly, Jonson allows the head male character ,Volpone, to be exceedingly great at his craft of deception while the virtuous Celia adopts an irrational, painful way to keep herself a virgin. Celia vows she will swallow hot coals rather than submit to Volpone’s desires. The Puritans’ homophobia is also apparent in  Volpone. Volpone makes sure (through explanation) that even though he acted the part of Antonias (a supposed lover of a gay king) for the non-heterosexual King Henry III, he is a ladies’ man. Volpone claims that he â€Å"attracted/ The eyes and ears of all the ladies present† (Campbell 3. 7. 164). In another reversal of gender, Lady Would-be notices her husband with someone she believes to be a female prostitute dressed as a young man. After belittling her husband for this by calling him a client of a â€Å"female devil,† she realizes her mistake and apologizes. This situation supports the possibility that Jonson believed the Puritans were making a mistake (like Lady Would-Be) in ignoring permanent, masculine reality and challenging the temporary ,imaginative, and effeminate role of actors for immorality. Morality, the main goal of the Antitheatrical movement in the Renaissance, was both supported and denounced by Jonson in various ways. However, the general perception is that Jonson (unlike Shakespeare) fueled the fires of degradation- implicating women with the weakness, lack of intelligence, and reason they were believed to exude. In the annals of theatrical history, Jonson’s metadrama could be said to perpetuate this social stereotype. Nevertheless, Jonson’s crossing of the gender line and sexual scenes like Volpone’s â€Å"flashing† of Celia were enough to have religious, moral, and social commentators screaming blood murder. Two issues demand prominence in the play. While outwardly a play driven by blatant genderless controversy, the inward thematic, character-driven nature of  Volpone  suggests a conformity and adherence to the intellectual and theological moralism of the time. http://www. english. uga. edu/cdesmet/joel/PURITAN. html How to cite Antitheatricalism – Ben Jonson, Papers

Thursday, December 5, 2019

Organizational Behavior and Human Performance Research Methods

Question: Discuss about the Organizational Behavior and Human Performance for Research Methods ? Answer: Introduction Leadership is the process of motivating people to work hard to deal with the major activities. As per Steve Jobs, leading is the major part of the process of management. It is able to interact with his vision to the essential employees and it inspires to deal with the vision. Management uses power to influence the staff members. The consideration of leadership theories are called as Great Man Theory, behavioral theory, transformation theory and transaction theory. These theories help to know and understand the vision with respect to the purpose. To understand motivation, the human nature might be simple and it is complex too. (Cunningham, 2007) Aims The research aimed to determine the approaches of leaders in terms of motivating his / her followers at work. The study aims to create the impact of leadership on employee motivation in an organization. Objectives The objectives of the research are as follows: To understand how leaders motivate its employees at work To understand the importance of motivation To evaluate the factors of motivation and the role of the leader to motivate its employees (Bryman Bell, 2007) Research method The methods that will be used for this research are questionnaires, interviews and structured as well as semi-structured observations etc. that helps to collect information accurately. It also increases the validity and quality of the qualitative methods of the research. This section will cover the methodology of the research and also it will analyze the sample size of the research. The various methods and analysis used for the research will be included in this section. There have been numerous researches based on the effect of employee motivation with the help of leadership. (Wei Lau, 2005) Research methods also involve the research on secondary methods of data from newsletters, magazines, websites etc. It also involves the research on secondary methods of data. Thus, the information used will be both qualitative as well as quantitative. (Kothari, 2004) The research will be applied in the MNCs selected in United Kingdom. The population will involve the multinational corporations in UK. With respect to the cost and time issues, the research will not able to involve the overall population. It will focus on Tesco and ASDA. There will have questionnaires for the leaders of the MNC to measure the styles of leadership etc. It will focus on the measurement of variables called as employee motivation. (Bernard, 2011) Data will be collected from 10 employees (leaders) to evaluate the overall motivation provided to the employees in the organization. Literature review Leadership is an art and science to motivate the people and to influence as well as empower them. There is an ability to develop the change and to create the goals. This could be done with an increase in the commitment through proper vision and influence. Leadership occurs at multiple levels and it is strongly known as an important understanding of leader focused theories. Leaders can be charismatic, transactional or transformational. Motivation is a psychological approach that transforms into strong focused behavior. As per the researchers, work motivation is called as the willingness of employees to provide the higher amount of efforts and energy towards goal fulfillment. (Woodward, et.al, 2006) As per Peter Drucker, leadership is the quality that helps to identify the work to meet the goals and to achieve greater outcomes. Leaders develop high level of priorities to meet the goals and employ human resources to fulfill their objectives. Work motivation creates high level of staff performance. A leader knows how to motivate and to encourage to perform the goals. There is a need to understand basic categories of leadership and it is important to define the likes and dislikes of the leader. A leader always examines the smart goals. (Van, 2001) The role of the leadership is determined in different books, essays and studies. Many styles of leadership included are called as transactional, transformational and charismatic. Leaders need to hire the right people for value creation and support related activities. Good leaders help their employees to perform well and in the world of competitive environment, employees need more knowledge and perform to meet the global issues in the market place. With respect to the involvement of job, it transforms innovative ideas and creates the fair judgment to motivate its employees. (Mittal, et.al, 2011) Job satisfaction is an important factor that influences with the variety of factors such as supervisor association, work environment, work place etc. Job satisfaction has huge impacts on performance. There are different parameters that helps to meet job satisfaction such as: Pay benefits: The major importance of equal reward is known to be the fair policies and practices of equitable pay provided by the leader. Promotion: The satisfaction level is based on the system acceptance in accordance with the job merits, outcomes etc. Work conditions: The support of the team and the leader with respect to the safe and comfortable work environment helps to generate work satisfaction. To motivate the employees in the organization, leader goes beyond management. Leaders involve in new change and initiatives depending on the authority, freedom etc. They show passion and focuses on effective communication with its employees. They strongly focuses on decision benefits and deals with major objectives. (Wang, 2009) The power of a leader is essential to motivate others. It creates number of sources such as: Personal power belongs to charismatic power. Legitimate power depends on the positions of the leader and expert power focuses on expertise that could be increased through training and education. Motivation leadership is done via right balance management with proper uses of power. In case of autocratic leadership, leader develops proper decision making skills and focuses on quick and easy decisions. Thus, they contribute in the approach of decision making skills. This way, it will increase the level of quality. In case of bureaucratic leadership, this leadership style is perfect for circumstances where proper standards are to be met. This style helps in maintaining their quality and increasing safety. Charismatic leader: This leadership style helps to understand the leader and to perform well, it influences people and visualize the mission as well as the vision to involve in the success. This creates extra ordinary performance. Democratic leadership examines to promote trust within the employees and the decision maker. It is useful in circumstances in the approach of decision making skills. This approach helps to involve proper decision making skills. It also increases the level of trust among the employees as well as the leader. (Payne Frow, 2005) Laissez faire leaders are the style used in circumstances where employees are skilled and focuses on sufficient knowledge to plan for decisions. They also provide opportunities and authority that could result in success of organizational goals and objectives. This way, leadership theories are essential in controlling, managing and executing the organizational strategies. It also is useful in different organizational strategies. This also helps to satisfy the needs of the employees. (Richard, et.al, 2007) Data analysis In this section, through the help of questionnaires, the interviews, there is an analysis on motivation focused by leader for employees in the organization. The analysis part will help to explain the questions through charts and diagrams. (Saunders, et.al, 2009) Questionnaire results Age group As per the research survey, the participants were from the age group 20-30, 30-40, 40-50 and above 50. Among the 10 participants, 40% were from the age group 40-50 years and 30% belong to the age group of 30-40 years age. Importance of motivation programs When the question asked is it important to motivate the employees then 60% agreed that yes, motivation increases the level of performance whereas 20% were strongly agreed and 20% were disagreed with the point. This question is asked to know the view points and ways of the leaders in the organization in Tesco and ASDA. But the results conveyed that the leaders try to satisfy its employees. Effective work environment As per the chosen leaders, 80% participants believes that they offer effective work environment such as friendly environment and attitude in the organization whereas 20% felt that they need to improve on their services to increase the level of employee motivation in Tesco and ASDA. Motivated toward work culture and practices For this question majority of the participants said employees feel motivated with the work culture and practices. For this question 80% of the Participant agreed that their employees are motivated with the work culture and its policies such as friendly culture, equality etc. are followed in the team. 15% of the customers disagreed and said that the employees are not satisfied with the work culture and there is a need to improve because of creating satisfaction and employee retention. 5% of the leaders said that they are not sure. As per the results, it is understood that majority of the participants said that employees are happy and satisfied with the work culture as well as practices. Equal opportunity When the question asked relating to equal opportunity, 80% of the participants said that they provide equal opportunity to employees and 20% of them said No. The people are positive said that they offer best possible opportunities so that employees can enhance their skills and learn and grow in Tesco as well as ASDA. When 20% leaders replied, they do not offer equal opportunity, they said that, employees never participate in the events and activities. They are not interested to take the opportunity. Therefore, it is important to offer them training and understand their areas of interest for better outcomes. With this result, it is understood that leaders mainly gives importance to the employees and maintains good relation with them as leaders feel that if the equal opportunities are offered to them, then it builds relationship and helps in developing the performance of the company. (Ashford and Cummings, 2013) Effective promotion schemes and benefits Through the help of the diagram, it is proved that 80% leaders were agreed that employees are getting effective promotion schemes and appraisal benefits. This way, they are trying to create the level of motivation among employees. 20% of the leaders were not agreed to the point that employees are getting effective schemes and benefits because of the fact that, employees do not show any kind of outputs. Thus, as per 20% respondents, there is a need to create some form of learning activity for them to motivate them for work happily. (Shen Edwards, 2004) Conclusion To conclude, it is evident that the research focused on the significant role of the leader to motivate the employees in the work place. The research focused on the tools and techniques to create better work performance of the employees. The work place is strongly favorable for the employees and the leaders create job satisfaction as well as brings motivation among the employees in the organization. This helps to increase the performance in the work place. It also increases job satisfaction and creates friendly environment in the organization known as Tesco and ASDA. Thus, the leaders felt that diversity and equal opportunities are favorable for employees in terms of job satisfaction and work performance in the organization. Based on the information, majority of respondents were satisfied in most of the cases but there were issues in some cases where leaders need to provide training and try to boost the morale and confidence of employees to participate in all kind of activities so that they could be able to perform better. (Schneier, et.al, 2007) There should have introduction of new bonus schemes, regular interactions, employee participation, career development and opportunities, better payment systems etc. to improve the skills and competencies that can generate high level of job satisfaction and work performance. Thus, the researcher carried the research with the help of chosen respondents from Tesco and ASDA UK. The findings presented in the paper helped to create the effective understanding on motivation, satisfaction and performance. References Ashford, S.J. and Cummings, L.L. 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New Delhi, India: Excel Books, pp.149-164. Wei, L. Q., Lau, C. M. (2005). Market Orientation, HRM Importance and Competency: Determinants of strategic HRM in Chinese firms. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 16 (10), 1901 1918. Wang, C. (2009). Cross-Cultural Management Brainstorm. Modern Economic Information, vol. 15,p. 1-2

Thursday, November 28, 2019

Animal Symbolism in Aesops Fables essays

Animal Symbolism in Aesop's Fables essays Since the dawn of time, man and animal have been intertwined. We have defended ourselves against lions and wolves, we have hunted birds and fish for food and we have domesticated oxen and horses to plow our fields. All civilizations have been in some way connected to the animal world. It is a theme that runs the course of humanity. This common thread allows authors to reach audiences in ways that would be simply impossible with human protagonists. Animals are universal symbols, common to all of mankind. In her book, Talking Animals, Jan Ziolkowski asserts that Taken as a group, animals represent a language common to all people. All cultures incorporate animals into their history and folklore. Obviously, each of these cultures regards different animals with different connotations and associations. But animals have earned their universal status not because they are so much the same the world over but because people are so much the same; for most animals in fiction are not portrayed rea listically but instead are anthropomorphized. Regardless of their species, they are given human characteristics, motivations and behavior. (Ziolkowski, 1993). In Animal Lore in English Literature, P. Ansell Robin says that, This interpretation of the animal world gave rise to a distinct form of literature which originated in the oral tradition of many primitive peoples. (Robin, 1932) Today, animal literature is most closely associated with the beast fable or, as it is more commonly known: the fable. A beast fable is an account of a fictional event involving animal characters that is followed by an explicit moral exposition. (Ziolkowski, 1993) Nowadays, fables are viewed merely as childhood curiosities. They are thought of as simple childrens stories and nothing more. Throughout history however, the fable has served many purposes. Perhaps the most important of all these roles has been the use of fabl...